Comparing designs in music with visual designs raises interesting questions. We are familiar with the easy transfers of terms denoting qualities from one field to another. The basic problem can be put this way: can music sound the way a design looks? The elements of music are not the same as those of painting. They may be analogous, but to be analogous is not to be identical. Is it possible, then, for the same broad characteristics to emerge from different perceptual conditions? Two facts about the relation between broad characteristics of a work and their perceptual conditions must be kept distinct. First, the global characteristics of a visual or auditory complex are determined by the discernible parts and their relationships. Thus, any notable change in the parts or their relationships produces a change in some of the global characteristics. Second, a change in the parts or their relationships may leave other global characteristics unchanged. logies.
The author mentions all of the following as characteristic of the "rigidly defined hierarchy" (line 8) of the clown-fish community EXCEPT:
A.At any time only one female clown fish can be reproductively active
B.The mature clown fish are monogamous
C.The growth of clown fish is synchronized
D.The maximum number of clown fish is fixed
E.There are equal numbers of male juveniles and female juveniles
Which of the following statements about newly hatched clown fish can be inferred from the passage?
A.They develop rapidly
B.They remain close to the sea anemone occupied by their parents
C.They are more sensitive to chemical signals than are adult clown fish.
D.They are not protected by their parents
E.They are less vulnerable to predation than are adult fish.
Which of the following, if true, would be LEAST consistent with the author's explanation of the advantage of hermaphroditism for clown fish?
A.The number of individuals in a clown-fish community fluctuates significantly
B.Adult clown fish frequently cannibalize their young
C.The sea anemone tolerates clown fish only during a specific stage of the anemone's life cycle.
D.Juvenile clown fish rarely reach maturity
E.Clown-fish communities are capable of efficiently recruiting solitary adult clown fish
In the first paragraph, the author is primarily concerned with establishing the fact that
A.comparisons are not equations
B.auditory phenomena are not visual phenomena
C.frequently used comparisons are usually inaccurate
D.careless perceptions result from careless thought
E.questions concerning perception are psychological
In the passage, the author is primarily concerned with
A.distinguishing mutually exclusive categories
B.clarifying an apparent contradiction
C.supporting new ideas
D.analyzing a problem
The second paragraph is primarily concerned with establishing the idea that
A.different global characteristics of a work result from the same discernible parts
B.the parts of a work of art influence the total perception of the work
C.visual and auditory characteristics can be combined
D.changes in the parts of a work remain isolated from the work as a whole
E.the visual complexes in a work of art influence the work's auditory complexes
Which of the following statements is most likely be a continuation of the passage?
A.The search for broad similarities thus begins by understanding and distinguishing these two facts.
B.The search for musical-visual analogies thus depends on the complexity of the works being compared.
C.The search for music and art of the highest quality thus depends on very different assumptions
D.Thus music and painting exist in mutually exclusive worlds
E.Thus music and painting are too complicated to be evaluated in terms of analogies.