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2019年高考(上海II卷)英语听力真题 长对话

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James, have you read about the new research into the human brain?

詹姆斯,你读过有关人类大脑的新研究吗?
Not yet. What does it say?
还没有。内容是什么?
It says men are better at some things like map reading and finding direction, while women are better at other things like remembering words and faces.
据说男性更擅长做看地图和找方向这种事情,而女性则更擅长做记单词和记面孔这类事情。
Interesting! Now I understand why I'm the one of my family who does all the map reading.
有意思!现在我明白了为什么我是家里唯一会看地图的人。
The research was done by a team from the University of Pennsylvania. They looked at the brains of nearly one thousand men and women and found they are wired differently.
这项研究是由宾夕法尼亚大学的一个团队完成的,他们研究了近1000名男性和女性的大脑并发现了他们的大脑在连接上的不同。
Wired differently? You mean"connected in different ways"?
连接不同?你是说“连接的方式不同”吗?
Right! In males, the stronger connections run within each half of the brain. In women. The stronger connections are between the two sides of the brain.
是的!男性左右脑内部的连接度更强,而女性连接度更强的部位则在大脑的两侧。
I see.
我明白了。
The difference might explain why men are better at learning and performing a single task, like reading maps or cycling. But women are often better at doing several things at the same time. They can also concentrate on a task for longer.
这种差异或许可以解释为什么男性更善于学习和执行单一任务,比如看地图或者骑自行车;而女性则往往更善于同时做好几件事情,她们还可以长时间地专注于一项任务。
Now. I can understand why I cannot do several things together.
现在我明白了为什么自己不能同时做好几件事情。
But not everyone agrees. A professor from the University of Oxford said the connections inside the brain are not permanently fixed, and the brain is very complex. Without sufficient data, you can't jump to any general conclusions.
但这并不是人人都认同的观点。牛津大学的一位教授说大脑内部的连接不是永久固定的,而且大脑非常复杂,在数据不足的情况下是无法短时间内得出一致结论的。
I guess the professor is right.
我想教授的话是对的。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
complex ['kɔmpleks]

想一想再看

adj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的
n. 复合体

联想记忆
sufficient [sə'fiʃənt]

想一想再看

adj. 足够的,充分的

联想记忆
permanently ['pə:mənəntli]

想一想再看

adv. 永久地

 
concentrate ['kɔnsntreit]

想一想再看

v. 集中,专心,浓缩
n. 浓缩物

联想记忆
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

想一想再看

vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<

 

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