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2019年高考(上海II卷)英语听力真题 短文(2)

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According to some psychologists, intelligence is the ability to learn from experience,

一些心理学家认为,智力是一种从经验中学习、
adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract concepts, and use knowledge to change one's environment.
适应新环境、理解和处理抽象概念以及利用知识改变环境的能力。
Skills like learning, memory, reasoning, and problem solving enhance these abilities.
学习、记忆、推理和解决问题等技能可以提升这些能力。
Therefore, certain habits may be evidence you've got these skills.
因此,某些特定的习惯可能是你拥有这些技能的证据。
For example, it is commonly thought that those who are intelligent are organized and have everything in their workspace arranged neatly.
例如,人们通常认为那些聪明的人是有组织的,他们会把自己的工作空间规划得很整齐,
But that's not the case.
但事实并非如此。
In an experiment from the University of Minnesota, people in a messy setting came up with more creative ideas than those in a neat space.
在明尼苏达大学的一项实验中,处在凌乱环境中的人们比处在整洁环境中的人们能想出更多有创意的点子。
Kathleen Watts, study author says disorderly environments seem to inspire breaking free of tradition, which can produce the fresh idea.
撰写研究报告的凯瑟琳·沃茨说,无序的环境似乎能激发人们打破传统的灵感从而产出新的想法。
Orderly environments, in contrast, encourage following traditions and playing it safe.
相反,井然有序的环境会使人们遵循传统、做事小心谨慎。
But according to JonathanWhite, a research scientist at Duke University, creativity is one of the qualities that smarter people tend to possess, and it may actually lead to messiness.
但是根据杜克大学的研究科学家乔纳森·怀特的说法,创造力是聪明人倾向于拥有的品质之一,但它实际上可能会导致混乱。
He says it's not messiness that helps creativity, but creativity which may create messiness.
他说:不是混乱有助于创造力,而是创造力可能会制造混乱。
Such people tend to get lost in thought while focusing on a problem or issue.
这种人在专注于一个问题或者一个议题时往往容易迷失:
And cleanliness becomes of less importance that focusing on the problem at hand.
整洁变得不那么重要,重要的是专注于手头的问题。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
cleanliness ['klenlinis]

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n. 清洁

 
disorderly [dis'ɔ:dəli]

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adj. 混乱的,无秩序的;骚乱的;无法无天的 adv.

 
adapt [ə'dæpt]

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vt. 使适应,改编
vi. 适应,适合

联想记忆
intelligence [in'telidʒəns]

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n. 理解力,智力
n. 情报,情报工作,情报

联想记忆
certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
pron.

 
abstract ['æbstrækt]

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n. 摘要,抽象的东西
adj. 抽象的,理论

联想记忆
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]

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n. 环境,外界

 
tend [tend]

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v. 趋向,易于,照料,护理

 
handle ['hændl]

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n. 柄,把手
v. 买卖,处理,操作,驾驭

联想记忆
contrast ['kɔntræst,kən'træst]

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n. 差别,对比,对照物
v. 对比,成对照<

 

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